Small Icon - About Stem Cells

Small Icon - About Stem Cells

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Q: What do the terms in the stem cell nucleus mean? Our thumbnail icon provides an overview of this.

auto-transfer - transfer of tissues from one's own body to one's own
bone marrow stroma - the bone marrow microenvironment of hematopoietic cells, which is composed of several cell types
donor - donation, donation (mainly used in connection with blood and transplantation)
embryonic stem cells (ES cells) - cell lines created from detached cells at embryo formation
gйnterбpia - Cure due to genetic defects caused by genetic defects
HLA - major histocompatibility antigens, human leukocyte antigens
HLA-tipizбlбs - Testing for HLA whites that determine tissue incompatibility
Neural Stem Cells (NSC) - dividing cells that produce non-asymmetric dividing cells, but capable of nerve development, to produce progenitor cells; one of the progeny cells is the same as the mother cell, the other can be a neural stem cell, a neural multiplication cell, or a nerve cell preform, which has different characteristics from the mother cell; descendants of nerve stem cells develop into nerve tissue cells
myeloid cells - double meaning: summary name of bone marrow blood cells or shapes of white blood cells
multipotent stem cells - Stem cells that are not capable of forming germ cells or what are called germ cells (ova and germ cells), but other tissues and cells can still be formed. They are able to differentiate into different types of cells that may form a tissue or organ. For example, hematopoietic stem cells form at least seven different types of mature blood cells, nerve stem cells, nerve glial cells, and muscle stem cells.
stem cell factor (stem cell factor - SCF, mast cell factor, c-kit ligand) - Growth factor for stem cells and mast cells
хssejt niche - the "phytate" in which stem cell proliferation ends, the tissue microenvironment of the stem cells
хssejt-plaszticitбs - the ability of stem cells to differentiate between adult (tissue) stem cells in a different way from their cell line
хssejtek - non-specialized, non-specialized, self-replicating cells capable of asymmetric division and producing dedicated cells as well
pluripotent cells - cells that need almost all information for embryonic development that are not capable of forming extraembryonic tissues, but that all germinal plates can also form inside and germ cells
recipient - the organism that receives the transplanted cell, tissue, organ, whose genetic characteristics and immune system determine the type and type of immune response to graft (tolerance or rejection)
regenerative medicine - "restored medicine", medical treatment that results in the restoration of damaged tissues and organs by the use of stem cells
tissue (somatic) stem cell - a cell which is found in a mature, mature tissue, capable of self-replication and of training the cells of that tissue; can be found in all types of tissues, but their number varies depending on the characteristics of the tissue's regeneration, in the blood-forming organs, in the skin's cellular layer, and in producing the gut. in crypts their number is high, while in water and nerve tissue it is low
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) - cells capable of continuous repletion of blood cells by physiological conditions; cells after transplantation in the microenvironment of bone marrow, all cells capable of forming blood cells